Origin: Canada
Date Published: 24 07th 1996
USE: Sledge dog for heavy loads, water dog

CLASSIFICATION FCI: Group 2 Pinscher and Schnauzer, Molossoid breeds, Swiss Cattle Dogs. Subgroup 2.2 Molossoid breeds without field trials.

BRIEF BACKGROUND: The breed was developed on the island of Newfoundland dogs and the local black bear dogs introduced by the Vikings in 1100 after With the penetration of European fishermen, there is an imported variety of new breeds and so to shape and reinvigorate the breed. Fundamental character remains. In the colonization of the island since 1610 was the morphology and natural behavior Newfoundland dog in the whole stable. It is these features allow it to survive in an extreme climate and sea conditions when towing heavy loads on land or in water service and rescue dogs.

GENERAL APPEARANCE: The Newfoundland is massive, with strong, muscular body and good movement mechanics.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS: Body length from withers to root of tail equal to height from the withers to the ground. The body is compact. Body of the bitch may be slightly longer and less massive than the dog. The distance from the withers to the underside of the chest is greater than the distance from the bottom of the chest to the ground.

BEHAVIOUR AND TEMPERAMENT: The Newfoundland expression reflects benevolence and tenderness. Decently cheerful and creative, is known for its gentleness and peace.

HEAD: Massive. Head of the bitch is also formed as the head of a dog, but is less massive.

Skull: Wide, slightly arched skull and strongly developed Tyl bone.
Stop: Evident, but never deep.

Nose: Large, well pigmented, nostrils well developed. Color in Black and White and black dogs, black, brown in brown dogs.
Nose: Clearly, square, deep and relatively short, with short hair and no wrinkles. Corner of the lips are distinct but not overly developed.
Cheeks: Soft.
Bite: Scissor or pincer.
Eyes: Relatively small, deep set, wide apart with invisible winked. Color - dark brown in black dogs, and White and black, the brown is permitted a lighter shade.
Ears: Relatively small, triangular with rounded tips firmly perched on the sides of the head and fitting. When stretched the ear of an adult dog to the inner canthus on the same side.

NECK: Strong, muscular, well set on shoulders, long enough to allow the wearing of head sublime. The neck should not be excessive dewlap.

BODY: The strength of bone is generally massive. Viewed from the side of the body is deep and powerful.
Topline: Straight and firm from withers to croup.
Back: Broad.
Loins: Strong and well muscled.
Croup: Broad and falling at an angle of about 130 degrees.
Chest: Broad, full and deep with well sprung ribs.
Underline and Belly: Almost straight and never rounded up.

Front: The front legs are straight and parallel also when walking and trotting dog.
Shoulders: Well muscled and deposited at an angle approaching 45 degrees to the horizontal line.
Elbows: Close to chest.
Wrist: Gently sloping.
Feet: Large and proportionate to the body, round and tight, with firm and compact toes. Occurs webbed feet. Nails black in black and White and black dogs, brown with horn dogs. In the case of white finger nails should not be black.

Back: Because the force required for pulling loads, swimming and efficient movement are very dependent on the rear, its structure is extremely important in Newfoundland. The pelvis is stable, wide and long.
Thighs: Broad and muscular.
Stifle: Well bent, but preventing any impression prikrčenosti dog.
Lower thigh: Strong and moderately long.
Hocks: Relatively short, aiming straight down in good time, with a second parallel nevytáčajúce inwards or outwards.
Feet: Strong, nail color than the front legs, if they occur dewclaws - removed.

TAIL: It serves as a rudder when the Newfoundland is swimming, because it is strong and broad roots. When the dog is standing, hanging loosely down with a possible slight deflection in the end. It reaches to the hock or shortly below them. If the dog is moving or excited, the tail is worn straight with a slight deflection in the end, but never curled over back or withdrawn between the legs.

MOVEMENT: The Newfoundland moves forward compartment, the movement comes from the rear, giving the impression of casual workforce. Light waves ass is natural. When the dog begins to accelerate lines, while the back remains in the plane.

HAIR: The Newfoundland has a water-repellent double coat. The outer layer is relatively long and straight without twisting. Allowed is slightly wavy. The bottom layer is soft and dense - more dense in winter than in summer, but somewhat is always on the chest and buttocks. Hair on head, nose and ears is short and thick. Front and rear legs are flags. The tail is completely covered with long thick hair, but does not arrest.

Color: Black, White and black and brown.
Black: Black is the traditional color. Color should be as monolithic as possible, but allowed slight fading. White markings on chest, toes and tip of tail are permissible.
White and black: This version of the breed is of historical significance. It gives priority to the distribution of colors: black head, possibly with white blaze, dragging it to the nose, black saddle with regular coloring, black rump and tail. Other parts to be white, may be minimal with freckles.
Brown: The brown color ranges from chocolate to bronze. White markings on chest, toes and tip of tail are permissible. White and black dogs and brown dogs are displayed in the same class as black males.

The average height at the withers:
Adult dogs 71 cm (28 in.)
adult females 66 cm (26 in.)
The average weight is around 68 kg for the dog and about 54 kg for females.
Larger sizes are desirable, but they must give priority to the detriment of the balance, overall strength, strength, constitution and proper motion.

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